Watkins Bible Factory

Boarded up factory in centre of Victorian terrace

Watkins, Watkins & Co. Cowan Street entrance, shortly before demolition

Watkins Bible Bookbinding Factory stood on the site of what is now the children’s playground. It was one of the area’s biggest factories. At its peak it bound 1 million bibles a year, employing 400, mainly women, known as ‘folder girls’. It was deemed to offer more ‘respectable’ employment than some other local factories. Suffering World War 2 bomb damage, the factory was rebuilt in late 1950s but eventually closed in 1977.

Watkins’ unassuming factory entrance was in the middle of a terrace at 6-8 Cowan Street, but the factory backed onto Scarsdale Road – both roads which were lost when Burgess Park was created. The factory took up almost an entire block bounded by 4 streets – a larger footprint than Chumleigh Gardens.

Factory buildings are shown in pink, with roof skylights in blue

Factory plan, showing its position in relation to Chumleigh Gardens

In the plan above, the Cowan St entrance is at top centre. The yellow squares are post-war prefabs – emergency housing on bomb sites.

Group of 7 women on a tea break

Watkins workers in 1961

Watkins’ trade was solely in binding bibles.  During the Second World War, the factory was damaged by bombs which also destroyed a couple of houses on Cowan Street, leaving a gap in the terrace which remained unfilled until the whole street was eventually demolished. The factory was rebuilt in the late 1950s.


Former employee Dave Trutzenbach remembers his 6 year apprenticeship with Watkins which began when he was 19 years old. Each week, on Tuesdays, he attended Holborn Art and Craft school, for hand bookbinding classes, and later helped to produce thousands of bibles ranging from pocket editions to lectern-size and Braille editions.

Women working at desks, 2 men chatting, machinery in forground

Watkins interior, around 1961

However Watkins did not diversify, and as business dwindled, there were also issues with trade unions, leading its elderly owner Mr. Charles Burt to shut the factory down in 1977. Today Dave owns his own print company in New Jersey, USA, while many other employees went on to teach bookbinding at the local art college that is now the University of the Arts Camberwell.


Tall chimney in forground, with Aylesbury Estate tower block behind

Watkins Bible Factory viewed from south, across Scarsdale Road

Today the children’s playground in Burgess Park replaces the spot where Watkins Bible Factory once stood.

More memories here

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3 thoughts on “Watkins Bible Factory

  1. Hello

    My parents Joan & Richard Line worked at Watkins,my mother passed away however,Dad Richard now 85 would love to be in touch with old colleagues.Can you help with this?
    Kind regards

    1. Hello Jaqueline,
      Not really a response to your question, but I recently acquired a car, a white Lancia Flaminia GT. Watkins & Watkins are listed as the first owner, in 1964. It was sold in 1970 (unknown owner) and then onto a Paul Collins in 1972. It was a rare and expensive car when new, and I wonder if you father has any recollection of it? Any information would be much appreciated, as I would like to build up a history of the car.
      Best regards,
      Matthew Malatt

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